The villancico de negro is a musical genre that pervaded the Iberian Peninsula and its colonies from the 16th to 18th centuries. Villancicos de negro were pieces written by white composers that depict Black people. In most cases, the Black character was made fun of and represented in a ridiculous manner. In this article, I examine the use of parody in white representations of Black people, which tell us about white imaginaries around Blackness, and how the racial lines were materialized through sound. The construction of whiteness truly surfaces in negotiations around agency in the representation of Black sound.
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