AbstractAn ecosystem is a reflection of coupled human and natural systems. A key, and less understood, interaction is with sound. Paralleling development in landscape ecology, soundscape ecology provides a diversity of measures of spatial and temporal variation in sound. Here we bridge disciplines to describe variation in soundscape measures across a gradient of novel to natural landscapes. Soundscape measures studied varied as a function of forest area but not matrix type, and season but not time. Results suggest future directions and allow practitioners to better identify management options that mitigate the impacts of noise on natural and human systems.
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