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Invited Essays / Essais sollicités

Vol. 14 No. 2 (2022)

Promise of Home: A Narrative Model for Achieving Immigrant Retention in New Brunswick

October 12, 2022


  1. Akbari, Ather H. and Colin Sun. “Immigrant Attraction and Retention: What Can Work and What is Being Done in Atlantic Canada?” Our Diverse Cities, 2 (Summer 2006): 129–133.
  2. Allain, K. A. et al. “Speaking Welcome: A Discursive Analysis of an Immigrant Mentorship Event in Atlantic Canada.” Ethnicities, 20.6 (April 2019): 1–21.
  3. Arat-Koc, S. “Neo-liberalism, State Restructuring and Immigration: Changes in Canadian Policies in the 1990s.” Journal of Canadian Studies, 34.2 (May 1999): 31–56.
  4. Baker, Cynthia et al. “Sticks and Stones: Racism as Experienced by Adolescents in New Brunswick.” Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 41.1 (2009): 108–126.
  5. Bear Nicholas, A. “The Role of Colonial Artists in the Dispossession and Displacement of the Maliseet, 1790s–1850s.” Journal of Canadian Studies, 49.2 (2015): 25–86.
  6. CBC News. “Dealing with People’s Worries About Increased Immigration to New Brunswick.” Information Morning Fredericton, 9 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2021 from Archived.
  7. Cox, A. “Mayor ‘Excited’ by Proposed Immigration Program.” Daily Gleaner, 30 January 2020, p. A3.
  8. Fraser, E. “New Brunswick Is Canada’s Only Province with a Shrinking Population. CBC News, 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2019, from
  9. Gill, J. “Enrolment Up at New Brunswick Universities, Says Association of Atlantic Universities.” CBC News, 25 October 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2022, from
  10. Harris, K. “Liberals Plan New Program to Allow Communities to Pick Immigrants.” CBC News, 2 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020 from
  11. Huddle. “New Brunswick Cities See Record Immigration Year in 2019.” Huddle, 11 February 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2022 from
  12. Ibbitson, J. “How the Maritimes Became Canada’s Incredible Shrinking Region.” Globe and Mail, 20 March 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2019, from
  13. Ignite Fredericton. “Fredericton Region: Five-year Immigration Strategy.” 6 June 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019 from
  14. Ignite Fredericton. Labour Force. n.d. Retrieved 26 January 2022 from
  15. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. “IRCC’s 2018–19 Departmental Results.” Research & Evaluation Branch, 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2021 from
  16. Jones, R. “New Brunswick Sets 3 Populations Records in First 3 Months of 2016: Arrival of Almost 2,000 Immigrants Pushes Provincial Population Upward by 1,133.” CBC News, 20 June 2016. Retrieved 1June 2019 from
  17. Kim, A. H., and M.-J. Kwak. “Afterword: A Multi-level Perspective on Education Migration.” In Outward and Upward Mobilities: International Students in Canada, Their Families, and Structuring Institutions. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2019.
  18. Lionais, D. et al. “Dependence on Interprovincial Migrant Labour in Atlantic Canadian Communities: The Role of the Alberta Economy.” Societies, 10.1 (2020), 11.
  19. MacIvor, Angela. “Inside the Illegal Immigration Scheme Targeting Atlantic Canada.” CBC News New Brunswick, 16 September 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2022 from
  20. McDonald, J. T. et al. “Immigrant Retention in NB: An Analysis Using Administrative Medicare Registry Data.” Journal of Population Research, 35.4 (December 8, 2018): 325–341.
  21. McDonald, T., and P. Miah, P. Immigrant Retention in New Brunswick: An Analysis Using Linked Federal-Provincial Administrative Data. New Brunswick Institute for Research, Data and Training, 2021.
  22. Nason, Roger P. “The Economic Exploitation of the Black Refugee Settlement at Loch Lomond, New Brunswick, 1836-1839.” Journal of New Brunswick Studies, 13.2 (2021). Retrieved 5 July 2022 from
  23. New Brunswick, Canada, Government of. New Brunswick Population Growth Strategy 2013–2018. September 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2018 from
  24. New Brunswick, Canada, Government of. We Are All NB. 2019. Archived.
  25. New Brunswick, Canada, Government of. Atlantic Immigration Pilot Project, 9 December 2021. Archived.
  26. New Brunswick, Canada, Government of. New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program, n.d. Retrieved 9 May 2018 from
  27. New Brunswick Multicultural Council. “Survey Uncovers Experiences of Racism in New Brunswick,” 23 February 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2022 from
  28. Nickerson, Graham A.J. “Why Didn’t They Teach That? The Untold Black History of New Brunswick.” Journal of New Brunswick Studies, 12 (2020). Retrieved 5 July 2022, from
  29. Paul, Daniel N. We Were Not the Savages, First Nations History: Collision Between European and Native American Civilizations. Halifax: Fernwood Press, 2006.
  30. Petz, S. “UNB Project Devoted to Immigrant Retention Gets Big Cash Infusion: Provincial, Federal Governments Put Up $400K for Economic Immigration Lab at UNB’s Pond-Deshpande Centre.” CBC News, 14 November 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2019 from
  31. Public Policy Forum. The People Imperative: Come From Away and Stay: Strategies to Grow Population and Prosperity in Atlantic Canada. 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2019 from
  32. Ramos, H., and Y. Yoshida. Why Do Recent Immigrants Leave Atlantic Canada? Atlantic Metropolis Centre: Working Paper Series, 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2019 from
  33. Sclanders, Ian. “The Acadians’ Gentle Revenge.” MacLean’s, 3 October 1964. Retrieved 1 February 2022 from
  34. Silbermann, A. “N.B. Tourism Industry Faces Labour Shortage as It Prepares for Rebound Summer.” CBC News, 10 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022 from
  35. Spray, W.A. The Blacks in New Brunswick, Reprint Edition. Fredericton: St. Thomas University, 2021. Originally published 1972.
  36. Statistics Canada. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census. 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2022 from
  37. Statistics Canada. Annual Demographic Estimate: Canada, Provinces and Territories 2021. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2022, from
  38. Stepick, A. and C. Dutton-Stepick. “Diverse Contexts of Reception and Feelings of Belonging.” Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 10.3 (September 2009), Art. 15.
  39. United Nation Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner. International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965. Retrieved June 16, 2022 from
  40. Wilson-Forsberg, S. Getting Used to the Quiet: Immigrant Adolescents’ Journey to Belonging in New Brunswick, Canada. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2012.