IB in NB: Lessons learned for New Brunswick policy makers from the expansion of the International Baccalaureate (IB) in Ecuador


  • Cody Alderson University of New Brunswick


Bernstein, J. (n.d). Deepening experiential education at Pearson College UWC: An exploration in innovation. Pearson College UWC. https://view.publitas.com/pearson-collegeuwc/deepening-experiential-education-at-pearson-college-uwc/page/1

Bittencourt, T. (2020). Inclusive policies and the perils of dissonance: A case study of an International Baccalaureate public school in Ecuador. FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education, 6(1), 24-39.

Bullock, K. (2011). International Baccalaureate learner profile: Literature review. https://ibo.org/research/curriculum-research/cross programme/internationalbaccalaureate-learner-profile-literature-review-2011/

Bunnell, T. (2022). Moving from elite international schools to elite(ish) universities: the pathway leading to Toronto rather than Harvard. Educational Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2022.2103649

Dickson, A., Perry, L., & Ledger, S. (2018). Impacts of International Baccalaureate programmes on teacher and learning: A review of the literature. Journal of Research in International Education, 17(3), 240-261. DOI: 10.1177/1475240918815801

Fabian, J., Hill, I., & Walker, G. (2018). The International Baccalaureate: 50 Years of education for a Better World. John Catt Educational Limited.

Fitzgerald, S. (2020). “There’s only one pot of money it can come from”: A Corpus-Based Analysis of the International Baccalaureate in Canada’s Provinces. Canadian Journal of Education, 43(2), 862-890.

Government of New Brunswick (2019). Succeeding at home: A green paper on Education in New Brunswick. From https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/ed/pdf/promo/summit/GreenPaper.pdf

Hill, I. (2012). Evolution of education for international mindedness. Journal of Research in International Education, 11(3), 245-261. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475240912461990

International Baccalaureate. (2022a, December). Facts and figures. Retrieved December 9, 2022. From https://www.ibo.org/about-the-ib/facts-and-figures/

International Baccalaureate. (2022b, January). Find an IB World School. Retrieved January 5, 2023. From https://www.ibo.org/programmes/find-an-ib-school/

International Baccalaureate (2022c, May). The IB Diploma Programme and Career-Related Programme May 2022 Assessment Session Final Statistical Bulletin. https://www.ibo.org/globalassets/new-structure/about-the-ib/pdfs/final-statisticalbulletin-dp-cp-may-2022.pdf

International Baccalaureate. (2019, November). What is an IB Education? Support material. https://resources.ibo.org/data/what-is-an ib-education-support-material_eb6b6131- 98b6-4d78-a1fb-37c0662a985e/what-is-an-ib-education-support-material-en_e18abe5

Matthews, D. & Kitchen, J. (2007). School-within-a-school gifted programs: Perceptions of students and teachers in public secondary schools. Gifted Child Quarterly, 51(3), 256-271. DOI: 10.1177/0016986207302720

Ponce, J., & Intrigo, R. (2022). Evaluating the impact of the International Baccalaureate: ananalysis in Ecuador. International Journal of Research in Education, 21(2), 183-198. https://doi/10.1177/14752409221122038

Resnik, J. (2016). The development of the International Baccalaureate in Spanish speaking countries: A global comparative approach. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 14(2), 298-325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2015.1051951

Resnik, J. (2014). Who gets the best teachers? The incorporation of the IB program into public high schools and its impact on the teachers’ labour market and careers in Ecuador. In Arber, R., Blackmore, J. & Vongalis-Macrow (Eds.). Mobile Teachers, Teacher Identity and International Schooling, (95-119). Sense Publishers.

Schneider, B, Estarellas, P. & Bruns, B. (2019). The Politics of Transforming Education in Ecuador: Confrontation and Continuity, 2006 2017. Comparative Education Review, 63(2), 259-280.




How to Cite

Alderson, C. (2023). IB in NB: Lessons learned for New Brunswick policy makers from the expansion of the International Baccalaureate (IB) in Ecuador. Antistasis, 13(1). Retrieved from https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/antistasis/article/view/33435