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Special Section: Black Lives Matter

Vol. 47 No. 2 (2022): Special Section: Black Lives Matter

Struggling toward Identity in George Elliott Clarke’s The Motorcyclist

November 7, 2023


  1. Clarke, George Elliott. “Confession.” Fire on the Water: An Anthology of Black Nova Scotian Writing, 2 vols., edited by Clarke, Pottersfield Press, 1992, p. 9.
  2. Clarke, George Elliott. Directions Home: Approaches to African-Canadian Literature. U of Toronto P, 2012.
  3. Clarke, George Elliott. The Motorcyclist. HarperCollins, 2016.
  4. Clarke, George Elliott. “The Motorcyclist Drafts.” Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, U of Toronto, MS collection 734, boxes 4, 5, and 7.
  5. Cruz, Anne J. “Figuring Gender in the Picaresque Novel: From ‘Lazarillo’ to ‘Zayas.’” Romance Notes, vol. 50, no. 1, 2010, pp. 7-20.
  6. Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton UP, 1957.
  7. Malkmus, Bernhard. “The Birth of the Modern Picaro out of the Spirit of Self-Reliance: Herman Melville’s ‘The Confidence-Man.’” Amerikatstudien/American Studies, vol. 54, no. 4, 2009, pp. 603-20.
  8. Nayman, Adam. Review of The Motorcyclist, by George Elliott Clarke. Quill & Quire, 28 Nov. 2016,
  9. Nicholls, Hanna. “‘All Cunt and No Conscience’: Female Sexuality and Representation in George Elliott Clarke’s The Motorcyclist.” Studies in Canadian Literature, vol. 43, no. 2, 2018, pp. 188-204.
  10. Tomoiagă, Ligia. Elements of the Picaresque in Contemporary British Fiction. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012.