Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 46 No. 2 (2021): Indigenous Literary Arts of Truth and Redress / Arts littéraires autochtones de vérité et de réparation

Igniting Conciliation and Counting Coup as Redress: Red Reasoning in Tailfeathers, Johnson, and Lindberg

June 30, 2022


  1. A Red Girl’s Reasoning. Directed by Elle-Máijá Tailfeathers, performances by Jessica Matten, Elle-Máijá Tailfeathers, Christian Sloan, and Rose Stiffarm, Crazy8s Film Society and NdN Girl Productions, 2012.
  2. Anderson, Kim, Maria Campbell, and Christi Belcourt, editors. Keetsahnak / Our Missing and Murdered Indigenous Sisters. U of Alberta P, 2018.
  3. Barrie, Hannah. “‘I Used to Think You Were Just a Story’”: Imagined Violence in Elle-Máijá Tailfeathers’ A Red Girl’s Reasoning.” Journal of International Women’s Studies, vol. 21, no. 7, 2020, pp. 107-19.
  4. “Birdie.” HarperCollins Canada. HarperCollins Publishers News Group, 2021.
  5. Campeau, Ian. “Men Need to Speak Out against Sexual Violence.” YouTube, uploaded by Maclean’s, 20 Dec. 2017,
  6. Crop Eared Wolf, Annabel. Matsiyipáítapiiyssini: Kainai Peacekeeping and Peacemaking. 2007. University of Lethbridge, PhD dissertation. ProQuest,
  7. Daignault, Alexandra. “Looking Back.” Sarjesa, 28 Jan. 2019,
  8. “The Darkness and the Light of Birdie Reflects Tracey Lindberg’s Own Life Story.” Unreserved, season 2016, episode 300241677, CBC Radio, 5 March 2016,
  9. Friedland, Hadley Louise. The Wetiko Legal Principles. Cree and Anishinabek Responses to Violence and Victimization. U of Toronto P, 2018.
  10. Goeman, Mishuana. “‘Remember What You Are’: Gendering Citizenship, the Indian Act, and (Re)mapping the Settler Nation-State.” Mark My Words: Native Women Mapping Our Nations. U of Minnesota P, 2013, pp. 41-86.
  11. Hanson, Aubrey Jean. “Reading for Reconciliation? Indigenous Literatures in a Post-TRC Canada.” English Studies in Canada, vol. 43, no. 2/3, 2017, pp. 69-90. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1353/esc.2017.0022.
  12. Hargreaves, Allison. Violence Against Indigenous Women: Literature, Activism, Resistance. Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2017.
  13. Innes, Robert Alexander, and Kim Anderson. “The Moose in the Room: Indigenous Men and Violence against Women.” Keetsahnak / Our Missing and Murdered Indigenous Sisters, edited by Kim Anderson, Maria Campbell, and Christi Belcourt. U of Alberta P, 2018, pp. 175-92.
  14. “Interim Report: The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.” Our Women and Girls Are Sacred. National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, 2017,
  15. Johnson, E. Pauline. “A Red Girl’s Reasoning.” The Moccasin Maker, edited by A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff, U of Arizona P, 1987, pp. 102-26.
  16. Keeler, Emily M. “Law of the Land: Tracey Lindberg’s Debut Novel, Birdie, Puts Cree Poetics in the Spotlight.” The National Post, 15 June 2015.
  17. Killebrew, K.L. “Imagining Revenge: Elle-Máijá Tailfeathers’ A Red Girl’s Reasoning and Indigenous Women’s Activism on the Subject of Canada’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.” Filming Reconciliation: Indigenous Screen Cultures in an Age of Redress. 2020, pp. 133-65. Northern Illinois University, PhD dissertation.ProQuest, docview/2421991845?accountid=1343.
  18. Klein, Laura Frances, and Lillian A. Ackerman. Women and Power in Native North America. U of Oklahoma P, 1995.
  19. Kovacs, Alexandra V. “Developing a Costume; Or, ‘The Most Difficult Thing in the World’ September to December 1892.” “I May Act Till the World Grows Wild and Tense”: The Performances of E. Pauline Johnson Tekahionwake. 2016, pp. 84-115. University of Toronto, PhD dissertation.
  20. Lindberg, Tracey. Birdie. HarperCollins Canada, 2015.
  21. MacDonald, David B. The Sleeping Giant Awakens. Genocide, Indian Residential Schools, and the Challenge of Conciliation. U of Toronto P, 2019.
  22. Macdougall, Brenda. “Wahkootowin: Family and Cultural Identity in Northwestern Saskatchewan Metis Communities.” The Canadian Historical Review, vol. 87, no. 3, 2006, pp. 431-62.
  23. McGinnes, Anthony R. “Counting Coup.” Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, edited by David J. Wishhart, U of Nebraska P, 2011.
  24. Piatote, Beth H. Domestic Subjects: Gender, Citizenship, and Law in Native American Literature. Yale UP, 2013.
  25. Piatote, Beth H. “Domestic Trials: Indian Rights and National Belonging in Works by E. Pauline Johnson and John M. Oskison.” American Quarterly, vol. 63, no. 1, 2011, pp. 95-116. JSTOR,
  26. Raheja, Michelle H. Reservation Reelism: Redfacing, Visual Sovereignty, and Representations of Native Americans in Film. U of Nebraska P, 2010.
  27. Shuvera, Ryan Ben. Sounding Unsettlement: Rethinking Settler States of Mind and Re(-) cognition through Scenes of Cross-Cultural Listening. 2020. University of Western Ontario, PhD dissertation.
  28. “Sisters in Spirit Handout.” Native Women’s Association of Canada.
  29. Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. Dancing On Our Turtle’s Back: Stories of Nishnaabeg Re-creation, Resurgence and a New Emergence. Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2011.
  30. Sugai, Joey. “Kainai Wellness Centre to Host Multiple Blood Tribe MMIWG Events in May 2021.” Kainaiwa. 3 May 2021.
  31. Therien, Eloise. “Southern Alberta Community Supports REDress Campaign.” Global News. 19 Feb. 2021.
  32. Truth & Reconciliation: Calls to Action. Booklet. National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation. Government of Manitoba, 2015.
  33. Verstraten, Katelyn. “For Indigenous Women, Radical Art as a Last Resort.” The Tyee, 22 June 2013,
  34. Watchman, Renae. “Reel Restoration in Drunktown’s Finest.” Native American and Indigenous Studies Journal (NAIS), vol. 7, no. 2, 2020, pp. 29-54.
  35. Werito, Vincent. “Understanding Hózhǫ́ to Achieve Critical Consciousness: A Contemporary Diné Interpretation of the Philosophical Principles of Hózhǫ́.” Diné Perspectives: Revitalizing and Reclaiming Navajo Thought, edited by Lloyd Lee, U of Arizona P, 2014, pp. 25-38.