Changes in an Idiolect from Childhood to Middle Age


  • Marjatta Palander University of Eastern Finland


Since the 1960s, sociolinguists have been investigating dialect change mainly by
using the so-called apparent time method, which compares the spoken language
of people from different age groups. In recent decades, researchers have begun
to test the apparent time method by combining it with the real time method, which
concentrates on the influence of time in the language of a certain speech community or certain individuals. When the samples under investigation are collected by using the same principles and represent the same community at different times, the study can be called a trend survey. A more laborious and rarer method is a longitudinal follow-up study of individual infonnants, a panel survey, which is usually realized as part of a more extensive trend survey.

Author Biography

Marjatta Palander, University of Eastern Finland

Marjatta Palander (PhD), professor, UEF. Professor Palander has investigated regional and social variation within the eastern Finnish dialects. Her studies have focused on a sound change in progress (1987), the regional and idiolectal variation of transitional dialects (1996, 2001), the development of an idiolect within a unique life-span study (2005), and the strategies of dialect leveling (2008). She is one of the pioneers of folk linguistics and perceptual dialectology in Finland and has examined Finnish non-linguists’ dialect attitudes and linguistic consciousness (Palander & Nupponen 2005, Palander 2007). Thematic area in FINKA: perceptual Karelian.




How to Cite

Palander, M. (2007). Changes in an Idiolect from Childhood to Middle Age. Linguistica Atlantica, 27, 81–85. Retrieved from