“Murmuring Against God”

Inuit–Moravian Confrontations in Late Nineteenth-Century Labrador


  • Nigel Markham Memorial University of Newfoundland


Periodical Accounts relating to the Missions of the Church of the United Brethren, established among the Heathen, London Brethren Society for the Furtherance of the Gospel, Fetter Lane, London, Series 1, 1790 - 1889, Vols. 12, 22, 23, 27–34, Series 2, 1890 - 1921, Vol. (BX8565 P4).

Brethren’s Society for the Furtherance of the Gospel (SFG), Minutes of Meetings of the SFG (London), Moravian microfilm series available at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Centre for Newfoundland Studies, and Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa.

Brice-Bennett, Carol. “Two Opinions: Inuit and Moravian Missionaries in Labrador 1804–1860.” MA thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1981.

Brice-Bennett, Carol. Missionaries as Traders: Moravians and Labrador Inuit 1771 - 1860.” In Merchant Credit and Labour Strategies in Historical Perspective, edited by Rosemary E. Ommer. Fredericton, NB: Acadiensis Press, 1990.

Hiller, J.K. “The Foundations and the Early Years of the Moravian Mission in Labrador, 1752–1805.” MA thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1967.

Hiller, J.K. “Early Patrons of the Labrador Eskimos: The Moravian Mission in Labrador 1764–1805.” In Patrons and Brokers in the Eastern Arctic, edited by Robert Paine. St. John’s: Institute of Social and Economic Research, 1971.

Hiller, J.K. “The Moravians in Labrador 1771 - 1805.” The Polar Record, 15, no. 99 (1971) 839 - 54.

Kaplan, Susan A. “Economic and Social Change in Labrador Neo-Eskimo Culture.” PhD thesis, Bryn Mawr College, 1983.

Kennedy, John C. Encounters: An Anthropological History of Southeastern Labrador. Montreal and Kingston: McGill–Queen’s University Press, 2013.




How to Cite

Markham, N. . (2021). “Murmuring Against God”: Inuit–Moravian Confrontations in Late Nineteenth-Century Labrador. Newfoundland & Labrador Studies, 36(1), 87–115. Retrieved from https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/NFLDS/article/view/32554



Research Notes