Global Competitiveness and Canadian Sectoral/Regional Labour Productivity Differences


  • F. J. Arcelus University of New Brunswick, Canada
  • Patrick Doran University of New Brunswick, Canada, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates


This paper evaluates the extent to which the decrease in total factor productivity growth that is alleged to have occurred in the last few years is also reflected in corresponding decreases in labour productivity growth, among key provinces and sectors of the Canadian economy. The analysis is based upon non-parametric productivity comparisons, for the 1984-1998 period. Data envelopment analysis is the methodological tool selected for the measurement of total factor productivity and hence of operational effectiveness to assess the extent to which sectoral productivity differences across Canadian regions represents a barometer of global competitiveness. The evidence indicates that labour productivity is growing. Factors associated with economies of scale appear to be the main source of inefficiency, as expected in a spatial setting. These inefficiencies are reflected mostly in increasing returns to scale, which enhances the competitiveness potential of the regions' economic base and of the industries in their midst.




How to Cite

Arcelus, F. J., & Doran, P. (2003). Global Competitiveness and Canadian Sectoral/Regional Labour Productivity Differences. Journal of Comparative International Management, 6(2). Retrieved from