Competition and Market Contestability in Ghanaian banking industry: A Panzar-Rosse Approach


  • Isaac Boadi University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana
  • John Kwaku Mensah Mawutor University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana
  • Modupeola Adefunso Dzorka University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana
  • Vivian Aku Gbade University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana


Banking competition, Panzar-Rosse method, Ghana


The present study evaluates the market structure of Ghana’s banking industry and estimates the nature and degree of competition. This study uses non-structural methodology proposed by Panzar-Rosse Model known as “H-statistic” to empirically assess competitiveness in the Ghanaian banking market. The study uses 23 banks in Ghana from 2000 to 2019, compiled and reported by Ghana Association of Bankers (GAB). The study results show that banks in Ghana derive their revenue in conditions of monopolistic competition. Thus, Contestable markets theory and Chamberlainian competition theory are validated by the study results. Furthermore, the study results revealed that from 2000 to 2019, after various structural reforms including the implementation of the FINSAP, competition in the Ghanaian banking sector increased. Finally, when the dataset was decomposed into local and foreign banks, the results indicate that monopolistic competition market conditions are found for both local and foreign banks. Managerially, the presence of a monopolistic market condition adds to the call for managers of the banks to consider factor input prices in an attempt to generate more revenues. Second, to avoid negative consequences of competition, managers of these banks should not rely on a single income source but also indulge in non-intermediation activities. In terms of policy, pro-structural shift policies that have helped with the transition from a monopoly structure to a monopolistic competition free entry or contestable market structure should be rigorously pursued by the policymakers. Besides, policy directives that enhance greater consolidation in the banking sector should
be pursued rigorously. Finally, the results from this study could help policy-makers to fashion an appropriate optimal intervention and stability policies geared towards enhancing banking stability at different levels of bank competition.


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How to Cite

Boadi, I. ., Mawutor, J. K. M. ., Dzorka, M. A. ., & Gbade, V. A. . (2021). Competition and Market Contestability in Ghanaian banking industry: A Panzar-Rosse Approach. Journal of Comparative International Management, 24(2), 28–58. Retrieved from



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