A Typology of the Perceived External Barriers Hindering Export of Agricultural Products in Iran

Hamid Yeganeh, Masoome Saeid

Abstract


This study attempts to explore, understand, and classify the external barriers to the export of agricultural products as perceived by the small businesses operating in Iran. The data analysis reveals the most important external barriers as Trade Embargo/Political Friction, Inflation, Slow Collection of Payments from Abroad, and Currency Exchange Rate. Further examination leads to three important thematic categories namely Unfavorable Domestic Conditions, Governmental Barriers, and Procedural Barriers. In view of the Iranian socio-economic environment, the underlying factors are discussed and implications are pointed out.

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