On the Approximability of TSP on Local Modifications of Optimally Solved Instances

Hans-Joachim Böckenhauer, Luca Forlizzi, Juraj Hromkovic, Joachim Kneis, Joachim Kupke, Guido Proietti, Peter Widmayer

Abstract


Given an instance of TSP together with an optimal solution, we consider the scenario in which this instance is modified locally, where a local modification consists in the alteration of the weight of a single edge. More generally, for a problem U, let LM-U (local-modification-U) denote the same problem as U, but in LM-U, we are also given an optimal solution to an instance from which the input instance can be derived by a local modification. The question is how to exploit this additional knowledge, i.e., how to devise better algorithms for LM-U than for U. Note that this need not be possible in all cases: The general problem of LM-TSP is as hard as TSP itself, i.e., unless P=NP, there is no polynomial-time p(n)-approximation algorithm for LM-TSP for any polynomial p. Moreover, LM-TSP where inputs must satisfy the β-triangle inequality (LM-Δβ-TSP) remains NP-hard for all β>½. However, for LM-Δ-TSP (i.e., metric LM-TSP), we will present an efficient 1.4-approximation algorithm. In other words, the additional information enables us to do better than if we simply used Christofides' algorithm for the modified input. Similarly, for all 1<β<3.34899, we achieve a better approximation ratio for LM-Δ-TSP than for Δβ-TSP. For ½≤β<1, we show how to obtain an approximation ratio arbitrarily close to 1, for sufficiently large input graphs.

Keywords


TSP; reoptimization; approximation algorithms; relaxed triangle inequality; sharpened triangle inequality

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Algorithmic Operations Research. ISSN: 1718-3235