Reading Josephus at Vivarium? Annotations and Exegesis in Early Copies of the Antiquities

Richard Matthew Pollard


Some of the many medieval readers of Flavius Josephus's Antiquities annotated their manuscripts of his works. This article investigates the origin of marginal notes found in early Latin copies of Josephus's Antiquities. The notes seem to predate the extant manuscripts and may stem from notes appended to an early copy of the Latin Antiquities, c.600. Certain interests — exegetical, typological, oratorical, and iconographic — apparent in the notes may even suggest that they originated at Cassiodorus's Vivarium. This centre produced the Latin translation of the Antiquities to which the notes are appended. These early notes, paired with some later Carolingian notes, offer a glimpse of Josephus's medieval reception.