Volume 6 Number 1 , 1981


J. R. (Tim) Struthers

Individual writers or audiences feel comfortable with different literary conventions. Consequently, the forms of literary criticism vary, from the personal essays of George Woodcock to the scholarly essays of E. D. Blodgett or Louis K. MacKendrick. We can enjoy each kind of writing. What is difficult for me to accept -- due to my schooling in formal scholarship and my experience as an editor, critic, and bibliographer -- is writing which presents itself as original scholarship but ignores all existing criticism about the subject of study. How many "first" studies of The Stone Angel, Fifth Business, The Mountain and the Valley, Surfacing, or Lives of Girls and Women, for example, can we already number?

In the case of criticism on Alice Munro, the statistics are astounding. The first section of the following checklist identifies more than eighty articles and sections of books which discuss Munro's fiction sometimes only in passing but often at substantial length. While there are obvious and justifiable reasons why many of these works need not have placed their arguments in the context of other studies on Munro (the early dates of composition of some items, the brevity or survey nature of others), still it is somewhat shocking to discover that only three articles quote or comment on the work of other critics. One of the three, an introduction to a collection of critical essays, is supposed to talk about the essays on Munro and other writers contained in that volume. The other two reach no further than the Literary History of Canada, an elementary and readily accessible reference aid, while one of these actually plagiarizes ideas, research, and even phrases from another unacknowledged article on Munro. A few other critics follow the notoriously suspicious practice of referring only to their own previous work.

Criticism is meant to enrich our understanding of literature and it should serve as a guide to future critics of an author's work. It should be studied and acknowledged whether critics agree or disagree with their predecessors. It is not sufficient, as a number of Munro critics have done, to limit one's research to the statements which an author has made in assorted interviews and commentaries. These are extremely valuable for the stimuli which they provide for understanding someone' s work and for the ways in which they can be used as a kind of authorisation or support for arguments which a critic wishes to make. But the critic who wishes to contribute significantly to the detailed, in-depth study of an author' s work must go further. He must absorb the criticism published in the forms of books, articles, and reviews, as well as the available theses and dissertations, decide what is appropriate to his own task, and use these materials with intelligence and respect.

In my view, the act of writing and submitting a piece of literary criticism is to lay claim to some degree of originality, a claim which the author's editor upholds by his acceptance and publication of the work in question. To publish a work of criticism which ignores the ideas and analyses of other critics in the same field is to make a larger, and possibly a much larger, claim for a critic's own originality and scholarship than circumstances often warrant. In varying degrees depending on each critic's personal style, scholarly essays should engage directly in a critical debate by affirming and contradicting, amplifying and modifying, existing criticism while presenting new interpretations.

As a guide to editors and future critics, and as a help to teachers and students, I offer the following checklist of works on Alice Munro. The checklist, which draws upon the format established by Robert Lecker and Jack David in ECW Press's The Annotated Bibliography of Canada's Major Authors, includes items under the three categories of Articles and Sections of Books, Theses and Dissertation, and Interviews and Profiles; but it excludes, for the present purpose, the following materials: bibliographies, bio-bibliographical sketches, newspaper articles, and book reviews.

In preparing this checklist, I have consulted relevant bibliographical sources and in many instances have been led by them to information hitherto unknown to me. These sources include such serials as Bruce NesbilWs "Annual Bibliography of Canadian Literature," the Canadian Periodical Index, the MLA International Bibliography, Contemporary Literary Criticism: Excerpts from Criticism of the Works of Today's Novelists, Poets, Playwrights, and Other Creative Writers, and Contemporary Authors: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to CurrentAuthors and Their Works, as well as individual bibliographical studies by Michael Gnarowski, R. E. Watters, D. E. Cook, Frank Davey, Margery Fee and Ruth Cawker, Linda Marie Rankin, Lorraine McMullen and Margaret Broad, Susan J. Warwick, Paul Denham and Mary Jane Edwards, Linda M. Leitch, and Catherine Sheldrick Ross.

For readers interested in finding information about Munro's own works and about reviews of her first three books, a good source is D. E. Cook, "Alice Munro: A Checklist (To December 31, 1974)," Journal of Canadian Fiction, No. 16 ([1976]), pp. 131-36.


Articles and Sections of Books

1 McPherson, Hugo. "Fiction 1940-1960." In Literary History of Canada: Canadian Literature in English. Gen. ed. and introd. Carl F. Klinck. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1965, pp. 720, 722; rpt. with corrections 1966, 1967, 1970, 1973.

2 Garner, Hugh. "Foreword." In Dance of the Happy Shades. By Alice Munro. Toronto: Ryerson, 1968, pp. vii-ix.

3 Weaver, Robert. Afterword. In Dance of the Happy Shades. By Alice Munro. Toronto: Ryerson, 1968, n. pag.

4 Stephens, Donald. "The Short Story in English." Canadian Literature, No. 41 (Summer 1969), p. 126. Rpt. in The Sixties: Canadian Writers and Writing of the Decade. Ed. George Woodcock. Vancouver: Univ. of British Columbia Press, 1969, p. 126.

5 Harvor, Beth. "The Special World of the WW`s: Through Female Reality with Alice, Jennifer, Edna, Nadine, Doris and All Those Other Girls." Saturday Night, Aug. 1969, pp. 33, 34.

6 Atwood, Margaret. Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: Anansi, 1972, pp. 65, 138, 141, 144, 193, 194, 205, 210, 212.

7 Dahlie, Hallvard. "Unconsummated Relationships: Isolation and Rejection in Alice Munro's Stories." World Literature Written in English, 11, No. 1 (April 1972), 43-48.

8 New, William H. "The Canadian Short Story: Introduction." World Literature Written in English, 11,No. 1 (April 1972), 7-8.

9 New, William H. "A Checklist of Major Individual Short Story Collections." World Literature Written in English, 11,No. 1 (Ap 1972), 12.

10 Stephens, Donald. "The Recent English Short Story in Canad and Its Themes." World Literature Written in English, 11, No. (April 1972), 49.

11 Thompson, Kent. "The Canadian Short Story in English and the Little Magazines: 1971." World Literature Written in English, 11, No. 1 (April 1972), 18, 22.

12 New, William H. "Artifice and Experience." Canadian Literature, No. 53 (Summer 1972), p. 91. Rpt. as "A Fiction Chronicle, Part 11: Artifice and Experience." In Articulating West: Essays on Purpose and Form in Modem Canadian Literature. Toronto: new, 1972, p. 174.

13 Cameron, Donald. "Novelists of the Seventies: Through Chaos to the Truth; The Bizarre Images of a New Generation in Canadian Fiction." Saturday Night, July 1972, p. 10. Rpt. as "The Bizarre and the Freaky in Recent Canadian Fiction." In Canadian Anthology. Ed. Carl F. Klinck and Reginald E. Watters. 3rd ed. Toronto: Gage Educational, 1974, p. 640.

14 MacCulloch, Clare. The Neglected Genre: The Short Story in Canada. Guelph, Ont.; Alive, 1973, pp. 26, 70.

15 Story, Norah. "Fiction in English." Supplement to The Oxford Companion to Canadian History and Literature (1973), pp. 86, 90.

16 Story, Norah. "Munro, Alice (1931- )." Supplement to The Oxford Companion to Canadian History and Literature (1973).

17 Waterston, Elizabeth. Survey: A Short History of Canadian Literature. Methuen Canadian Literature Series. Toronto: Methuen, 1973, pp. 72-73, 76, 167, 207, 208.

18 Reid, Verna. "The Small Town in Canadian Fiction." The English Quarterly, 6 (Summer 1973), 171, 172, 177, 178, 179.

19 Davey, Frank. "Alice Munro." In From There to Here: A Guide to English-Canadian Literature Since 1960. Our Nature -- Our Voices, Vol. 11. Erin, Ont.: Porcépic, 1974, pp. 201-04.

20 Moss, John. Patterns of Isolation in English Canadian Fiction. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974, pp. 226, 250.

21 Woodcock, George. "Bittersweets for the Short Story Buffs." Maclean's, June 1974, p. 94.

22 "Alice Munro (b. 1931). " In Modern Stories in English. Ed William H. New and H. J. Rosengarten. Vancouver: Copp Clark, 1975, p. 273.

23 New, William H. Among Worlds: An Introduction to Modem Commonwealth and South African Fiction. Erin, Ont.: Porcépic, 1975, pp. 118, 249.

24 Struthers, J. R. (Tim). "Alice Munro and the American South." The Canadian Review of American Studies, 6 (Fall 1975), 196-204. Rpt. with rev. in The Canadian Novel: Here and Now. Ed and introd. John Moss. Toronto: NC, 1978, pp. 121-33.

25 Struthers, J. R. (Tim). "Reality and Ordering: The Growth of a Young Artist in Lives of Girls and Women." Essays on Canadian Writing, No. 3 (Fall 1975), pp. 32-46. Rpt. with corrections in Modern Canadian Fiction. Comp. Carole Gerson. Richmond, B.C.: Open Learning Institute, 1980, pp. 166-74.

26 Struthers, J. R. (Tim). "Myth and Reality: A Regional Approach to the Canadian Short Story." Laurentian University Review, 8, No. 1 (Nov. 1975), 28, 30, 44-45.

27 Atwood, Margaret. "Paradoxes and Dilemmas: The Woman as Writer." In Women in the Canadian Mosaic. Ed. Gwen Matheson. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates, 1976, p. 273. Rpt. in Woman as Writer. Ed. Jeannette L. Webber and Joan Grumman. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978, p. 187.

28 Blaise, Clark. "Writing Canadian Fiction." Fiction International, Nos. 6/7 (1976), pp. 7-8.

29 Dahlie, Hallvard. "MUNRO, Alice." Contemporary Novelists. 2nd ed. (1976).

30 Gifford, Tony. "Introduction ... .. Postscript Notes, Questions, and Projects," "Bibliography." In The Play's the Thing: Four Original Television Dramas. Ed. Tony Gifford. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1976, pp. 8, 167-69, 171, 174, 181.

31 New, William H. "Fiction." In Literary History of Canada: Canadian Literature in English. Gen. ed. and introd. Carl F. Klinck. 2nd ed. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1976, 111. 257, 258, 270-71, 283.

32 Women and Literature: An Annotated Bibliography of Women Writers. 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Women and Literature Collective, 1976, pp. 151-52, 181.

33 Rasporich, Beverly J. "Child-Women and Primitives in the Fiction of Alice Munro." Atlantis, 1, No. 2 (Spring 1976), 5-14.

34 New, William H. "Pronouns and Propositions: Alice Munro's Stories." Open Letter, 3rd ser., No. 5 (Summer 1976), pp. 40-49.

35 Macdonald, Rae McCarthy. "A Madman Loose in the World: The Vision of Alice Munro." Modem Fiction Studies, 22(Fall 1976), 365-74.

36 Mallinson, Jean. "John Robert Colombo: Documentary Poet as Visionary." Essays on Canadian Writing, No. 5 (Fall 1976), p. 70. Rpt. in Brave New Wave. Ed. Jack David. Windsor: Black Moss, 1978, p. 21.

37 Gros-Louis, Dolores. "Pens and Needles: Daughters and Mothers in Recent Canadian Literature." The Kate Chopin Newsletter [University Park, Penn.], 2, No. 3 (Winter 1976/77), 8, 9-10, 11-12, 13, 15.

38 Dickson, Barry, et al. Family Relationships: A Resource Guide for the Teaching of Canadian Literature. [Toronto]: The Writers' Development Trust, [1977], pp. 12, 30, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 44.

39 Gaskin, Geraldine, et al. Social Realism: A Resource Guide for the Teaching of Canadian Literature. [Toronto]; The Writers' Development Trust, [19771, pp. 19, 45.

40 Gaskin, Geraldine, et al. Women in Canadian Literature: A Resource Guide for the Teaching of Canadian Literature. [Toronto]: The Writers' Development Trust, [1977], pp. 35-36, 40, 42, 47, 72-73, 75, 88-89, 90, 93.

41 Hancock, Geoff. "Here and Now: Innovation and Change in the Canadian Short Story." Canadian Fiction Magazine, No. 27 (1977), pp. 5, 7, 15, 16.

42 McClung, M. G. Women in Canadian Literature. Pref. George Woodcock. Women in Canadian Life. Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1977, pp. 59-60, 63.

43 Moss, John. Sex and Violence in the Canadian Novel: The Ancestral Present. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1977, pp. 6, 9-10, 12, 19, 24, 26, 27, 30, 31-33, 35-36, 38, 40, 46, 52, 53, 54-68, 69, 70, 147, 186, 312, 318.

44 Schroeder, Andreas, et al. Coming of Age in Canada: A Resource Guide for the Teaching of Canadian Literature. [Toronto]: The Writers' Development Trust, [1977], pp. 13, 23, 24-26, 27.

45 Sutherland, Ronald. The New Hero: Essays in Comparative Quebec/Canadian Literature. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1977, pp. 27, 94, 106.

46 Ricou, Laurie. "Editorial." Canadian Short Story Magazine, 3, No. 1 (Winter 1977), 2.

47 Monaghan, David. "Confinement and Escape in Alice Munro's 'The Flats Road.' " Studies in Short Fiction, 14 (Spring 1977), 165-68.

48 Smith, Rebecca, " 'The Only Flying Turtle Under The Sun,' The Bildungsroman in Contemporary Women's Fiction." Atlantis, 2, No. 2, Part 2 (Spring 1977), 126, 127, 129, 130, 131, 132.

49 Allentuck, Marcia. "Resolution and Independence in the Work of Alice Munro." World Literature Written in English, 16 (Nov. 1977), 340-43.

50 Blaise, Clark. "The Commonwealth Writer and His Material." In Awakened Conscience: Studies in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities, 1978, pp. 119-20.

51 Blodgett, E. D. "Prisms and Arcs: Structures in Hdbert and Munro." In Figures in a Ground: Canadian Essays on Modern Literature Collected in Honor of Sheila Watson. Ed. Diane Bessai and David Jackel. Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie, 1978, pp. 99-100, 110-21.

52 [Conron, Brandon]. "Alice Laidlaw Munro." In They Passed This Way: A Selection of Citations 1878-1978. Ed. and introd. Robert N. Shervill. Foreword D. Carlton Williams. London: The University of Western Ontario, 1978, p. 113.

53 Hancock, Geoff. "Foreword: Maps, Geography and the Canadian Short Story." In Transitions II: Short Fiction; A Source Book of Canadian Literature. Ed. Edward Peck. Vancouver CommCept, 1978, (pp. iii, iv, v].

54 Hodgins, Jack, and Bruce Nesbitt. Teaching Short Fiction; A Resource Book to Transitions II:; Short Fiction. Vancouver: CommCept, 1978, pp. 26-27, 42, 45, 46, 47, 51, 55, 56, 60.

55 Moss, John. "Introduction." In The Canadian Novel. Here and Now. Ed and introd. John Moss. Toronto: NC, 1978, pp. 7, 8-9, 10, 12, 13.

56 Owen, Ivon, and Morris Wolfe. "Introduction." In The Best Modern Canadian Short Stories. Ed. Ivon Owen and Morris Wolfe. Edmonton: Hurtig, 1978, pp. 8, 11.

57 Packer, Miriam. "Lives of Girls and Women: A Creative Search for Completion." In The Canadian Novel: Here and Now. Ed. and introd. John Moss, Toronto: NC, 1978, pp. 134-44.

58 Smyth, Donna. "A Sense of Community: Women's Studies in Canada." Book Forum, 4, No. 1 (1978), 137-38.

59 Wallace, Bronwen. "Women's Lives: Alice Munro." In The Human Elements: Critical Essays. Ed. David Helwig. Ottawa: Oberon, 1978, pp. 52-67. Rpt. in part as "Men, Women, and Body English in Alice Munro." In Books in Canada, Aug. -Sept. 1978, p. 13.

60 Zezulka, J. M. "Passionate Provincials: Imperialism, Regionalism, and Point of View." Journal of Canadian Fiction, No. 22 (1978), p. 91.

61 Dawson, Anthony B. "Coming of Age in Canada." Mosaic, 11, No. 3 (Spring 1978), 47-49, 53, 55-59, 61.

62 Dahlie, Hallvard. "The Fiction of Alice Munro." Ploughshares, 4,No. 3 ([Summer] 1978), 56-71.

63 Macdonald, Rae McCarthy. "Structure and Detail in Lives of Girls and Women." Studies in Canadian Literature, 3 (Summer 1978), 199-210. Rpt. in Modern Canadian Fiction. Comp. Carole Gerson. Richmond, B.C.: Open Leaming Institute, 1980, pp. 175-82.

64 Conron, Brandon. "Munro's Wonderland." Canadian Literature, No. 78 (Fall 1978), pp. 109-12, 114-18, 120-23.

65 Harvor, Beth. In "'My Craft and Sullen Art': The Writers Speak." Atlantis, 4, No. 1 (Fall 1978), 147, 148-49.

66 Hedenstrom, Joanne. "Puzzled Patriarchs and Free Women: Patterns in the Canadian Novel." Atlantis, 4, No. 1 (Fall 1978), 5.

67 Lennox, John Watt. "Manawaka and Deptford: Place and Voice." Journal of Canadian Studies, 13,No. 3 (Fall 1978), 23, 29.

68 Shields, Carol. In "'My Craft and Sullen Art': The Writers Speak." Atlantis, 4, No. 1 (Fall 1978), 151-52.

69 Dombrowski, Eileen. " 'Down to Death': Alice Munro and Transcience [sicl" The University of Windsor Review, 14,No. 1 (Fall-Winter 1978), 21-29.

70 Fleenor, Juliann E. "Rape Fantasies as Initiation Rite: Female Imagination in Lives of Girls and Women." Room of One's Own, 4, No. 4 (1979), 35-49.

71 Martin, W. R. "Alice Munro and James Joyce." Journal of Canadian Fiction, No. 24 [19791, pp. 120-26.

72 Oates, Joyce Carol. "Introduction." In The Best American Short Stories 1979. Selected from U.S. and Canadian Magazines by Joyce Carol Oates with Shannon Ravenel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979, pp. xviii-xix.

73 Ross, Catherine Sheldrick. "Calling Back the Ghost of the Old-Time Heroine: Duncan, Montgomery, Atwood, Laurence, and Munro." Studies in Canadian Literature, 4 (Winter 1979), 56-58.

74 Bailey, Nancy 1. "The Masculine Image in Lives of Girls and Women." Canadian Literature, No. 80 (Spring 1979), pp. 113-18, 120.

75 DeSalvo, Louise. "Literature & Sexuality; Teaching the Truth about the Body." Media & Methods, Sept. 1979, pp. 65, 66-67.

76 Gottlieb, Lois C., and Wendy Keitner. "Bird at the Window: An Annotated Bibliography of Canadian Fiction Written by Women, 1970-1975." The American Review of Canadian Studies, 9, No. 2 (Fall 1979), 3-7, 17-18, 42-43, 53-56.

77 Bowering, George. "Modernism Could Not Last Forever." Canadian Fiction Magazine, Nos. 32/33 (1979/80), p. 4.

78 Watmough, David. "Confessionalism & the First Person, or, the Future of Fiction." Canadian Fiction Magazine, Nos. 32/33 (1979/80), p. 137.

79 Blaise, Clark, and John Metcalf. Introd. In 80: Best Canadian Stories. Ed. Clark Blaise and John Metcalf. Ottawa: Oberon, 1980, p. 5.

80 Carscallen, James. "Alice Munro." In Profiles in Canadian Literature. Ed. Jeffrey M. Heath. Toronto and Charlottetown: Dundum, 1980, 11, 73-80.

81 Denham, Paul, and Mary Jane Edwards. "Alice Munro." In Canadian Literature in the 70's. Ed. Paul Denham and Mary Jane Edwards. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston of Canada, 1980, pp. xii, xx, 35-37.

82 Grady, Wayne, ed. The Penguin Book of Canadian Short Stories. Harmondsworth, Eng.: Penguin, 1980, pp. v-vi, 298.

83 Metcalf, John, ed. New Worlds: A Canadian Collection of Stories with Notes. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1980, pp. 7-9, 162-64, 165.

84 Woodcock, George. The World of Canadian Writing: Critiques & Recollections. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1980, p. 167.

85 Dragland, Stan. "First Person?" Brick: A Journal of Reviews, No. 9 (Spring 1980), p. 5 1.

86 Hoy, Helen. " 'Dull, Simple, Amazing and Unfathomable': Paradox and Double Vision in Alice Munro's Fiction." Studies in Canadian Literature, 5 (Spring 1980), 100-15.

Theses and Dissertation

87 Tanaszi, Margaret. "Emancipation of Consciousness in Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women." M.A. Thesis Queen's 1972.

88 Duteau, Claire L. "The Dramatis Personae of Alice Munro." M.A. Thesis Alberta 1973.

89 Gardiner, Jill Marjorie. "The Early Short Stories of Alice Munro." M.A. Thesis New Brunswick 1973.

90 Wilson, Patricia A. "Women of Jubilee: A Commentary on the Female Roles in the Work of Alice Munro." M.A. Thesis Guelph 1975.

91 Thacker, Robert. "A Fine and Lucky Benevolence: The Development of Alice Munro's Narrative Technique." M.A. Thesis Waterloo 1976.

92 Babineau, Nicole. "The Narrative Use of Atmospheric Evocation in the Fiction of Alice Munro: An Image of Superrealism." M.A. Thesis Montréal 1977.

93 Rankin, Linda Marie. "Sexual Roles in the Fiction of Alice Munro." M.A. Thesis New Brunswick 1977.

94 Packer, Miriam. "Beyond the Garrison: Approaching the Wilderness in Margaret Laurence, Alice Munro, and Margaret Atwood." Diss. Montréal 1978.

95 Robson, Nora Phyllis. "Wawanash County: Parallels between the World of Alice Munro and the White American South." M.A. Thesis McGill 1978.

96 Lamont, Linda. "Absurdity and Horror in Blaise and Munro." M.A. Thesis Calgary 1979.

97 Velden, Maria Cecilia. "Surfaces and Depths: The Fiction of Alice Munro." M.A. Thesis Western Ontario 1979.

98 Leitch, Linda [M.]. "Alice Munro's Fiction: Explorations in Open Forms." M.A. Thesis Guelph 1980.

Interviews and Profiles

99 Spettigue, Doug. "Alice Laidlaw Munro: A Portrait of the Artist." Alumni Gazette [Univ. of Western Ontario, London], 45, No. 3 (July 1969), 4-5.

100 "Alice Munro Talks with Mari Stainsby." British Columbia Library Quarterly, 35, No. 1 (July 1971), 27-30.

101 Metcalf, John. "A Conversation with Alice Munro." Journal of Canadian Fiction, 1, No. 4 (Fall 1972), 54-62.

102 Gibson, Graeme. "Alice Munro." In Eleven Canadian Novelists. Interviewed by Graeme Gibson. Toronto: Anansi, 1973, pp. 237-64.

103 Frum, Barbara. "Great Dames." Maclean's, April1973, pp. 32, 38.

104 Woodcock, George. "Getting Away from Us All." Maclean's, June 1973, p. 96.

105 Clery, Val. "Private Landscapes: Leo Simpson ... and Alice Munro." Quill & Quire, 40, No. 3 (March 1974), 3, 15.

106 French, William. "The Women in Our Literary Life." Imperial Oil Review, 59,No. 1 (1975), 2-3, 6, 7. Rpt. in Canadian Author & Bookman, 51, No. 3 (Spring 1976), 1, 3, 5.

107 Murch, Kern. "Taped Interview with Alice Munro." The London, Ontario Women's Centre Review, Feb. 1975, [pp. 8-191. Rpt. with rev. as "Name: Alice Munro; Occupation: Writer." In Chatelaine, Aug. 1975, pp. 42-43, 69-72.

108 Gane, Margaret Drury. " 'Do You Use Real People in Your Fiction?'" Saturday Night, Nov. 1975, pp. 39-41.

109 Kushnier, Joanne. "Raising Profiles." Quill & Quire, 42, No. 7 (May 1976), 29.

110 Laurence, Jocelyn. "Munro, Exploring Disguises." Chatelaine, Nov. 1978, pp. 67, 116.

111 Gerson, Carole. "Who Do You Think You Are?: Review-Interview with Alice Munro." Room of One's Own, 4, No. 4 (1979), 2-7.

112 [Fulford, Robert]. "This Month: The Past, the Present, and Alice Munro." Saturday Night, April1979, p. 11.

113 Knelman, Martin. "The Past, the Present, and Alice Munro." Saturday Night, Nov. 1979, pp. 16-18, 20, 22.

114 "Craft Titbits." Books in Canada, June-July 1980, pp. 4, 5.

115 Twigg, Alan. "What Is Alice Munro." In For Openers: Conversations with 24 Canadian Writers. Madiera Park, B.C.: Harbour, 1981, pp. 13-20.